Everything You Need to Know about Open Burning & Permits

The following open burning information is presented as a public service from the Eureka Fire Protection District. Residents not living in the Eureka Fire Protection District should contact their local Fire District, City or County Health Department to clarify specific rules and regulations.

For open burning questions in St. Louis County please contact:

Jeremy Rogus

Phone: (314) 615-0826

Email: jrogus@stlouisco.com

Important Definitions to Understand Burn Regulations

St. Louis Metropolitan Area.

The geographical area comprising St. Louis, St. Charles, Jefferson, and Franklin Counties and the city of St. Louis.

Open Burning

Burning of any materials in which air contaminants resulting from combustion are emitted directly into the ambient air without fire passing through a stack or chimney from an enclosed chamber.

Prohibited Open Burning Under Missouri State Regulation

Any waste generated by a business, trade, industry, factory any demolition operation cannot be burned. This would include, but not be limit to, paper, cardboard boxes, pallets, tires, rubber products, hazardous materials, Styrofoam, plastics; petroleum-based products and treated wood.  Any asbestos-containing material cannot be burned.

Rules and Regulations for Open Burning of Household Refuse

St. Louis County Burning Regulations

All open burning activities throughout St. Louis County, in unincorporated and incorporated portions of the County, are prohibited. 

To learn about what burning activities are permitted please consult the Open Burning Restrictions in St. Louis County. 

St. Louis Metropolitan Area Burning Regulations

Open burning of household refuse is prohibited in the St. Louis Metropolitan area.

St. Louis County Burning Regulations

Missouri allows open burning of household yard wastes originating on-premises from four dwelling units or less and burned on the same premises.

St. Louis Metropolitan Area Yard Waste Burning Restrictions

Open burning of tree leaves or residential brush is allowed only in areas outside of incorporated municipalities and is limited to the period beginning Sept. 15 and ending April 14 of each calendar year. These brush piles are limited to 16 square feet and the burning is allowed from 10 a.m. through 4 p.m.

Open Burning in Land Clearing Operations

Open burning of tree trunks, tree limbs and vegetation from land clearing operations is allowed only in the outstate area if the burning takes place outside the city limits of any incorporated area or municipality and at least 200 yards from the nearest inhabited dwelling. Materials such as tires or waste oil may not be used to start the fires or be burned in the fires.

Required Burn Permits from DNR:

Tree trunks, tree limbs, vegetation (excluding leaves or lawn clippings) or untreated waste lumber at a landfill, compost plant, transfer station or salvage operation can be burned, throughout the state, with an issued and valid open burning permit. The open burning permit requires the facility, in most cases, to use an Air Curtain Destructor (ACD).

The Eureka Fire Protection District does issue ACD permits. An application can be filled out during normal business hours. The permit is regulated by the rules and regulations set forth by the DNR permit.

Open Burning for Recreational Purposes

Campfires and other fires used solely for recreational purposes, ceremonial occasions or for outdoor noncommercial preparation of food are allowed in Missouri. Fires shall include only vegetative woody materials or untreated wood products.


Burn Permits may be obtained through St. Louis County Department of Health or the Missouri Department of Natural Resources. 

The Eureka Fire Protection District requires notification of open burning.